4th Grade

Learning opportunities for Fourth Grade scholars are grounded in the application of Multiple Intelligences and the Interdisciplinary approach to instruction utilizing the Elements of Depth and Complexity in providing a challenging academic program. Fourth Grade scholars are taught to look at the world through the Global Theme lens of Structures, identifying the following essential, conceptual truths (generalizations):

  • Patterns provide structure.
  • Structures change, and those changes have consequences.
  • Structures are natural or manmade.
  • Structural design is a consequence of need.
  • Structures communicate.
  • Structures may lead to survival.


In Fourth Grade, scholars will continue concentrating on the aspects of spoken and written language, allowing them to become more efficient and independent readers and writers.

Writing, Grammar, and Usage

  • Sentence identification and construction
  • Writing reports
    • Gather information from different resources.
    • Understand the purpose of the writing and the targeted audience.
    • Define a main idea and adhere to it.
    • Provide an introduction and a conclusion.
    • Organize material in separate, coherent paragraphs.
    • Document sources in a bibliography.
  • Study a variety of types of writing with a coherent structure or story line.
  • Grammar and Punctuation
    • Use conjunctions and interjections.
    • Use commas before conjunctions that combine sentences and inside quotation marks in dialogue.
    • Use quotation marks in dialogue, for titles of poems, songs, short stories, and magazine articles.
    • Underline or italicize titles of books.
    • Identify and use prefixes and suffixes.


  • Use words or phrases that appeal to the senses, including similes or metaphors.
  • Read, compose, and analyze rhyme with a strict rhyme scheme.
  • Read and compose narrative poems.
  • Read and compose lyric poems.
  • Identify and apply the use of a stanza.


  • Identify characters, plot, setting, and dialogue.
  • Read and discuss folktales.
  • Read and discuss novels.
    • Longer works of fiction
    • Works divided into sections called chapters
    • More complicated plots than short stories
  • Read and discuss legends.
    • Traditional stories about the past
    • May be based on historical figures or events
    • Come from cultures around the world
    • Passed down orally before being written down


  • Discuss famous speeches.
    • Patrick Henry and Sojourner Truth
  • Discuss persuasive speeches, using arguments supported by facts and reason.

Sayings and Phrases

  • Proverbs
    • Express general truth or observation about life.
    • Literal or figurative meaning
    • Passed down orally from one generation to the next
  • Idioms


In Fourth Grade, scholars continue to learn and apply geography skills as they move into more abstract information. Scholars will learn world geography to include Europe in the Middle Ages, early African kingdoms, and Chinese conquerors and dynasties. The chronological study of U.S. history begun in Third Grade is continued in Fourth Grade.


  • World Geography-Spatial Sense and Mountain Ranges
    • Map scales
    • Longitude, latitude, coordinates, degrees.
    • Prime Meridian and International Date Line
    • Relief maps for elevations and depressions
    •  Major mountain ranges
  • Europe in the Middle Ages
    • Geography related to the development of Western Europe
    • Background
    • The Middle Ages dated from 450-1400CE-The Dark Ages
    • Development of the Christian Church
    • Aspects of feudalism
    • Growth of towns as centers of commerce; guilds and apprentices; the weakening of feudal ties
    • England in the Middle Ages
  • The Spread of Islam and the “Holy Wars”
    • The origins of Islam
    • Contributions of Islamic civilizations
    • Wars between Muslims and Christians
  • Early and Medieval African Kingdoms
    • Geography of Africa
    • Early African Kingdoms
    • Medieval African Kingdoms


  • Growth of political parties
  • George Washington, John Adams, Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, James Monroe, John Quincy Adams, Andrew Jackson
  • Early Presidents and Politics
    • Cabinet and administration
  • The Constitution of the United States
    • The Bill of Rights
  • Making a new government: from the Declaration to the Constitution
    • Definition of “republican” government
    • Articles of the Confederation: weak central government
    • Founding Fathers
    • Constitutional Convention
  • Main ideas behind the Declaration of Independence
  • Making a Constitutional Government
  • The American Revolution
    • The French and Indian Wars
    • Causes and provocations of the American Revolution
    • Important events and figures of American Revolution
  • Paul Revere’s ride
  • Concord and Lexington
  • Bunker Hill
  • Second Continental Congress
  • George Washington
  • Thomas Paine’s Common Sense
  • Representative women in the Revolution
  • Loyalists
  • Victory at Saratoga and alliance with France
  • Valley Forge
  • Benedict Arnold
  • John Paul Jones
  • Nathan Hale
  • Cornwallis’ surrender at Yorktown
  • Reformers
    • Abolitionists
    • Dorothea Dix, Horace Mann, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Lucretia Mott, Amelia Bloomer, Sojourner Truth
  • Symbols and Figures
    • Spirit of ’76 painting and Archibald McNeal Willard
    • White House and Capitol building
    • Great Seal of the United States


In Fourth Grade, scholars will continue their explorations in science by broadening and building on courses of study undertaken in previous grades.

  • The Human Body-The Circulatory and Respiratory Systems
    • The Circulatory System
      • Heart and blood
    • The Respiratory System
      • Smoking: damage to lung tissue, lung cancer
  • Chemistry-Basic Terms and Concepts
    • Atoms
    • Properties of Matter
    • Elements
    • Solutions-concentration and saturation
  • Electricity
    • Static electricity
    • Electric current
    • Electric circuits
    • Conductors and insulators
    • Electromagnets
    • Using electricity safely
  • Geology
    • Earth’s layers
    • Movement of crustal plates and continental drift
    • Earthquakes and tsunamis
    • Volcanoes
    • Hot springs, geysers, and Old Faithful
    • Theories of how the continents and oceans were formed
    • How mountains are formed
    • Rocks
    • Formation and characteristics of metamorphic, igneous, and sedimentary rock
    • Weathering and erosion
  • Meteorology
    • The water cycle
    • Clouds
    • The atmosphere
  • Troposphere
  • Stratosphere
  • Mesosphere
  • Thermosphere
  • Ionosphere
  • Exosphere
    • Air movement
    • Cold and warm fronts
    • Weather forecasting methods and tools
    • Weather vs climate

Science Biographies

  • Benjamin Banneker
  • Elizabeth Blackwell
  • Charles Drew
  • Michael Faraday


The Fourth Grade math program is based upon the elements of the successful Pentagonal Model of the Singapore Mathematics Curriculum Framework: concepts, processes, metacognition, attitudes, and skills. Lessons are designed to move from the concrete to the pictorial to the abstract which enables concepts and skills to be developed, mastered, and translated.

Numbers and Number Sense

  • Whole numbers to the millions
  • Negative numbers
  • Factors
  • Multiples
  • Approximation
  • Coordinate grid
  • Changes in quantities
  • Organizing and analyzing data
  • Probability
  • Order of outcomes
  • Bar graphs
  • Line graphs

Fractions and Decimals

  • Equivalent fractions
  • Adding and subtracting fractions
  • Mixed numbers
  • Improper fractions
  • Fraction and division
  • Fraction of a set
  • Tenths, hundredths, thousandths, and rounding
  • Four operations of decimals


  • Adding and subtracting

Computation-Multiplication and Division and Solving Problems and Equations

  • Four operations of whole numbers
  • Addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division


  • Adding and subtracting measures
  • Multiplying measures
  • Dividing measures
  • Cubic units
  • Volume of a rectangular prism


  • Congruent figures
  • Tiling patterns
  • Line symmetry
  • Rotational symmetry
  • Area of rectangles
  • Perimeter of rectangles
  • Composite figures
  • Right angles
  • Measuring angles
  • Perpendicular and parallel lines
  • Quadrilaterals
  • Triangles
  • Circles
  • Solid figures
  • Nets

Fourth Grade Curriculum Map
Fourth Grade Spanish Curriculum Map
Fourth Grade Art Curriculum Map