7th Grade

LANGUAGE ARTS

The Seventh Grade language arts is the forum for scholars to explore and understand the past, present, and future through literature and writing.  By reading various genres of literature; such as mystery, science fiction, and historical fiction; scholars will broaden, relate to, and share each other’s perspectives.  Their voices will be heard through discussions about literature, through products, and through written compositions. Seventh Grade scholars will use prior knowledge of language to develop and improve writing skills in various types and styles of essays.  Seventh Grade literature will focus on stories with deeper meanings and symbols as scholars move into the study of more involved and more meaningful stories.

Writing, Grammar, and Usage

  • Simple sentences
  • Compound sentences
  • Complex sentences
  • Clauses
  • Nouns
    • Collective nouns
    • Appositives
  • Verbs
    • Direct and indirect objects
    • Linking verbs
    • Verb tenses
  • Progressive verbs (past/present)
  • Perfect tense verbs (past/present)
  • Prepositional phrases
  • Participles
  • Verbals
  • Complements
  • Subject verb agreement

Poetry

  • Lochinvar
  • Annabel Lee
  • Because I Could Not Stop for Death
  • The Charge of the Light Brigade
  • The Chimney Sweeper
  • Fire and Ice
  • Nothing Gold Can Stay
  • Crossing the Bar
  • Do not Weep Maiden for War is Kind
  • The Death of the Ball Turret Gunner

Speeches

  • Shooting an Elephant (Orwell)
  • The Night the Bed Fell (Thurber)
  • Declaration of War on Japan (Roosevelt)

Fiction, Nonfiction, and Drama

  • Novels
    • The Captive – The Captive is an adventure novel involving the perennial theme of good versus evil.
    • War of the Worlds – War of the Worlds is an early science fiction novel involving a unique commentary on European colonialism.
    • The Call of the Wild – The Call of the Wild is a classic novel examining the link between the confines of society and the need for individual freedom as well as an individual’s ability to adapt to their changing environments.
    • The Giver –The Giver reflects upon the idea of conformity versus individuality and man’s need to be free.
    • Our Town – Thorton Wilder’s play examines the importance of life and how short life can be.
  • Short Stories
    • An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge by Ambroise Bierce.
    • The Gift of the Magi by O. Henry
    • The Secret Life of Walter Mitty by James Thurber
    • The Lady or the Tiger by Frank Stockton

Foreign Phrases Commonly Used in English

Latin words and phrases common in English including:

  • Ad Hoc
  • Bona Fides
  • Carpe Diem
  • De Facto
  • In Toto
  • Pro forma
  • Quid Pro Quo

HISTORY AND GEOGRAPHY

The themes of the Seventh Grade history and geography course include growth and change in American democracy and interactions with world forces. Scholars will study the spatial relationship between nature and human culture and the processes that change the environment especially in Europe, the United States, and Asia.   Through their study of Texas, scholars will understand the uniqueness of Texas from individual determination to the utilization of vast resources.

Texas

  • Texas historical landmarks
    • The Alamo and Texas missions in and near San Antonio
    • Texas State Cemetery
    • Texas State Capitol
  • Native America tribes of Texas
  • Geography of Texas
  • Texas history from 1600-1850
  • Texas history from 1850-present

United States History and Geography

America Becomes a Nation

  • Early settlement
  • British rule
  • American Revolution
  • Declaration of Independence
  • U.S. Constitution

American Expansion

  • Westward movement
  • The Civil War
  • Reconstruction

America Becomes a World Power

  • The Spanish American War
  • Complications of Imperialism
  • Building of Panama Canal

World War I

  • History
  • Geography of Western and Central Europe
    • United Kingdom
    • France
    • Belgium and the Netherlands
    • Germany
    • Austria and Switzerland
    • Italy
    • Iberian Peninsula

The Russian Revolution

  • History
  • Geography

America from the Twenties to the New Deal

  • America in the Twenties
    • Isolationism
    • Women’s right to vote
    • Technological advances
  • The Great Depression
    • Wall Street stock market crash
    • Unemployment
    • Dust bowl
  • Roosevelt and the New Deal

World War II

  • The rise of Totalitarianism Europe
    • Italy
    • Germany
    • The Soviet Union
    • Spanish Civil War
  • World War II in Europe and at home from 1939-1945
  • Hitler defies Versailles Treaty
  • Blitzkrieg
  • The Home Front in America
  • Hitler invades Soviet Union
  • The Holocaust
  • North African Campaign
  • D-Day
  • Battle of the Bulge
  • Yalta Conference
  • Surrender of Germany

Geography of the United States

  • Physical features
  • Political, economic, and social features
  • Cities
  • Population
  • Regions

SCIENCE CURRICULUM

Seventh Grade science will include hands-on experiences, observation, and lessons from a grade-level text, which helps bring coherence and order to a scholar’s scientific knowledge. The science sequence aims for more intensive and selective study of topics, a number of which were introduced in earlier grades. Scholars are expected to do experiments and write reports on their findings.

Atomic Structure

  • Review from grade 5 structure of atoms and molecules
  • Early theories of matter
  • Start of modern chemistry

Chemical Bonds and Reactions

  • To get a stable outer shell of electrons, atoms either give away, take on, or share electrons
  • Chemical reactions
  • Ionic and metallic bonding

Cell division and genetics

  • Two types of cell division: mitosis (growth and asexual reproduction) meiosis (sexual reproduction)
  • How change occurs from one generation to another: either mutation or mixing of traits through sexual reproduction
  • Gregor Mendel’s experiments with purebred and hybrid peas
  • Dominant and recessive genes
  • Modern understanding of chromosomes and genes
  • Double helix (twisted ladder) of DNA coding- How DNA sequence makes protein
  • Genetic Engineering

History of the Earth and Life Forms

  • Paleontology: fossils
  • Geologic Time: age of the earth
  • Precambrian Era
  • Paleozoic Era
  • Mesozoic Era
  • Cenozoic Era

ADVANCED AND HONORS PRE-ALGEBRA

The Seventh Grade Advanced and Honors Pre-Algebra curriculum will emphasize preparation for algebra and geometry. It will include the elements of Core Knowledge for pre-algebra. This will include mathematical reasoning skills, problem solving including real life problems, probability and statistics, rational and irrational numbers, solving equations, number sense, and working with slopes on the coordinate plane. The scholars will also be introduced to two and three dimensional figures including special right triangles.

Pre-Algebra

Entire year

Geometry-Three-Dimension Objects, Angle Pairs, Triangles, and Measurement

Third and Fourth Quarters

Probability and Statistics

Fourth Quarter

First Quarter:

  • Tools for Algebra
    • Know and use the commutative, associative, and distributive properties.
    • Understand absolute value and evaluate expressions involving absolute value.
    • Convert decimal numbers to and from scientific notation.
    • Know the proper order of operations with exponents.
  • Integers
    • Add, subtract, multiply, and divide integers.
  • Solving and Writing Equations
    • Solve equations with one variable.
    • Solve equations after first simplifying.

Second Quarter:

  • Multi-Step Equations and Inequalities
    • Know the proper order of operations in solving multi-step problems.
    • Review equality properties for equations.
    • Know that addition and subtraction of the same value from both sides of an inequality maintains the inequality.
    • Know that multiplying or dividing both sides of an inequality by a positive number maintains the inequality, but multiplying or dividing by a negative number reverses the inequality.
  • Rational Numbers
    • Explore factors and fractions- Know the meaning of an exponent when it is positive or negative.
    • Know that a non-zero number to the zero power is 1.
    • Know why a negative number to an even power is positive and a negative number to an odd power is negative.
    • Know the multiplication properties of exponents.

Third Quarter:

  • Ratio, Proportion, and Percent
  • Functions and Graphing
    • Simplify and graph solutions to linear equalities and inequalities.
    • Know the concept of slope.
    • Translate situations of proportionality into equations of the form y= mx.
    • Show situations of constant proportionality as a line on the coordinate plane.
    • Introduce the concept of a function and determine the equation of a line in the form y = mx + b.
  • Real Numbers and Right Triangles
    • Know and understand the Pythagorean Theorem and its converse.
    • Use the Pythagorean Theorem to find lengths of missing sides of a right triangle.
    • Use the Pythagorean Theorem to determine the exact ratios of the sides of isosceles right triangles and 30-60-90 degree triangles.
    • Determine the image of a triangle under translations, rotations and reflections.

Fourth Quarter:

  • Two and Three-Dimensional Figures
    • Compute the perimeter, area, and volume of common geometric objects, and use the results to find measures of less common objects.
    • Know how perimeter, area and volume are affected by a change of scale.
    • Choose appropriate units of measure and use ratios to convert within and between measurement systems.
  • Statistics and Probability
    • Find the upper and lower quartiles for a set of data.
    • Understand that if p is the probability of an event occurring, then 1 – p is the probability of it not occurring.
    • Understand the difference between independent and dependent events.
    • Show the relationship between two variables using a scatter-plot and describe the relationship.
  • Polynomials and Nonlinear Functions
    • Identify and classify polynomials.
    • Find the degree of a polynomial.
    • Add and subtract polynomials.

SPANISH -ADVANCED

Spanish IA – A secondary Level I curriculum will be used in Seventh and Eighth Grades to develop proficiency in listening, speaking, reading and writing in Spanish. Scholars will also acquire a basic understanding and appreciation of the diversity of cultures in the Spanish-speaking world. High school credit for Level I will be earned at the completion of Eighth Grade. The textbook and workbook, Dime Uno, provide activities that focus specifically on scholar comprehension of language in context, as well as address elements of pronunciation, spelling, and sounds/spelling correlations.   

Objectives:

  • Review greetings / “” and “usted”.
  • Countries
  • Nouns and adjectives
  • Time – “tener”—
  • Pronouns – “estar” and “ser”—
  • Ir”-“ ir” + “a” + infinitive
  • Verbs in present tense: “gustar”, “encantar” and “hay
  • Possessive adjectives; family; and months
  • Review personal “a”; “conocer”, “querer” and “venir”.
  • Review feelings; “estar” with adjectives.
  • Be able to communicate and read in the master language.

SPANISH -HONORS

Spanish IIA – This is the first year of a two-year course that prepares scholars to test out of high school Spanish II and enter high school Spanish III in ninth grade. The Spanish curriculum objectives are to develop, reinforce, and refine proficiency in listening, speaking, reading, and writing in Spanish. Scholars gain an understanding of how language is structured and how they can use this knowledge to express their own needs and talk about the world around them. They also acquire a basic understanding and appreciation of the diversity of cultures in the Spanish speaking world. The textbook and workbook, Dime Dos, provide activities that focus specifically on scholar comprehension of language in context, as well as address elements of pronunciation, spelling, and sounds/spelling correlations.   

Objectives:

  • Review present tense; “gustar” and “encantar
  • Stem changing verbs; “estar
  • Review adjectives: “ser”, “ir”, “tener”, and “hacer
  • Direct objects
  • Preterite;adjectives
  • Comparatives; superlatives
  • Demonstratives; past tenses
  • Commands
  • Imperfect verbs; reflexive verbs
  • Imperfect“ser”, “ir”, “ver”, and “hacer
  • Stem changing verbs
  • Be able to narrate in the past using imperfect and preterite

SPEECH CURRICULUM

In Seventh and Eighth Grade speech classes, scholars will learn how to prepare and deliver speeches before an audience.

COURSE DESCRIPTION:

The speeches are designed to give scholars experience in a range of speaking situations. Public speaking skills are invaluable no matter what profession or goals of the speakers. Scholars will receive direct instruction on how to write speech outlines, present speeches, use visual aids, and make audience centered presentations.

Some examples of Speeches to be given:

  • Personal Experience Speech
  • Demonstration Speech
  • Informative Speech
  • Pet Peeve Speech
  • Interviews
  • Persuasive Speech and Debate
  • Final: “I am from…” Speech