6th Grade

LANGUAGE ARTS

The Sixth Grade Language Arts is the forum for scholars to explore and understand the past, present, and future through literature and writing.  By reading various genres of literature such as mystery, science fiction, and historical fiction, scholars will broaden, relate to, and share each other’s perspectives.  Their voices will be heard through discussions about literature, through their products, and through their writing.  Sixth Grade scholars will focus on the fundamentals of language, including sentence structure and parts of speech prior to developing and improving writing structures. Literature will focus primarily on classic “coming-of-age” stories with recurring themes of triumph over hardships.

Writing, Grammar, and Usage

  • Subjects and predicates
  • Complete sentences
  • Types of sentences
  • Nouns
    • Plural nouns
    • Possessive nouns
  • Verbs
    • Transitive and intransitive verbs
    • Verb tenses
    • Direct objects
    • Indirect objects
    • Linking verbs
  • Punctuation rules
  • Prepositional phrases
  • Subject-verb agreement
  • Adjectives
  • Adverbs

Poetry

  • The Highwayman
  • Casey at Bat
  • If
  • The Raven
  • Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening
  • All the World’s a Stage

Fiction and Drama

  • The Light in the Forest — The Light in the Forest is a classic tale of a frontier adolescent who finds himself caught in between two different worlds and societies.
  • Where the Red Fern Grows Where the Red Fern Grows is a “coming-of-age” classic story.
  • Roll of Thunder, Hear my Cry – Roll of Thunder, Hear my Cry is a “coming of age” story set in the Great Depression involving racial discrimination and prejudice.
  • The Most Dangerous Game by Richard Conner
  • Examination Day by Henry Seslar
  • Tell Tale Heart by Edgar Allen Poe

Sayings and Phrases

  • Idioms including:
    • All for one and one for all
    • All’s well that ends well
    • A bird in the hand is worth two in the bush.

WORLD HISTORY AND GEOGRAPHY

The purpose of the Sixth Grade history and geography course is to expose scholars to the world in which they live from many angles-past and present.

World Geography-Spatial Sense and Great Deserts of the World

  • The globe and physical Earth
  • Continents and oceans
  • Weather on planet Earth
  • World deserts and their ecosystems

Lasting Ideas from Ancient Civilizations-Judaism and Christianity, Ancient Greece, and Ancient Rome

  • Cultures of various ancient civilizations
  • Basic principles and tenets of Judaism and Christianity
  • Geography of the Middle East
  • Role of ancient Greece in the development of modern democracy
  • Architecture of ancient Greece
  • Greek philosophers and leaders
  • The Roman Republic
  • Roman leaders
  • Christianity under Roman rule
  • Decline and fall of the Roman Empire

The Enlightenment

  • Influence of Enlightenment on the beginnings of the United States
  • Ideas of faith in science, human reason, and human nature
  • Outstanding human figures during the time of Enlightenment
    • Isaac Newton
    • Descartes
    • Thomas Hobbes
    • John Locke

The French Revolution

  • Influence of Enlightenment and English Revolution on movements in France
  • French alliance in American Revolution
  • Influential French leaders
    • Louis XIV
    • Louis XV
    • Louis XVI
    • Marie Antoinette
    • Robespierre
    • Napoleon Bonaparte

Romanticism

  • Definition of Romanticism
  • Beginning of Romanticism movement in nineteenth century Europe
  • Romanticism in literature and art

Industrialism, Capitalism, and Socialism

  • Beginnings of the Industrial Revolution in Great Britain
  • Revolution in textiles, transportation, steam power, iron, and steel
  • Early factory system
  • Capitalism
  • Socialism

Latin American Independence Movements

  • History of Latin American independence movements
  • Revolutionary and independence movements in Haiti, Mexico, Central America, and South America
  • Influential leaders in revolutionary movements
    • Toussaint L’Ouverture
    • Miguel Hidalgo
    • Santa Anna
    • Benito Juarez
    • Pancho Villa and Emiliano Zapata
    • Simon Bolivar
    • Jose de San Martin
    • Bernardo O’Higgins
  • Geography of Latin America

AMERICAN HISTORY AND GEOGRAPHY

Scholars will study American history in its relationship to global events which include population shifts and economic growth.

Immigration, Industrialization, and Urbanization

  • Immigrations from Europe, and Asia
  • Tension between ideals and realities
  • Post-Civil War industrial boom
  • The condition of labor
  • Growing influence of big business
  • Free Enterprise vs government regulation of business
  • 1st world, 2nd world, and 3rd world status of nations

Reform

  • Populism
  • The Progressive Era
  • Reform of African Americans
  • Women’s suffrage

SCIENCE

Sixth Grade science will include hands-on experiences, observations, and lessons from a grade-level text. This will help bring coherence and order to a scholar’s scientific knowledge. The science for 6th Grade aims for more intensive and selective study of topics that were introduced in earlier grades.  Scholars are expected to do experiments and write reports on their findings. A weeklong outdoor education trip to Big Bend National Park will enhance the learning experience.

Plate Tectonics

  • Surface of the earth
  • Layered structure of the earth
  • Crust movements
  • Volcanos

Oceans

  • Surface
  • Subsurface
  • Ocean bottom
  • Composition of sea water
  • Currents, tides, and waves
  • Marine life

Astronomy-Gravity, Stars, and Galaxies

  • Gravity
  • Stars
  • Galaxies

Energy, Heat and Energy Transfer

  • Six forms of energy
  • Sources
  • Fossil fuels
  • Nuclear energy

Lymphatic: The Human Body and Immune System

  • Lymph nodes
  • White cells
  • Tonsils
  • Blood pressure
  • Vaccines
  • Communicable and non-communicable diseases
  • Epidemics
  • Viral diseases

MATH

Welcome to Sixth Grade Math!  This class focuses on the Common State Standards in Mathematics, including Core Knowledge for sixth grade. These standards include conceptual understanding and basic mathematical skills which will ensure scholars’ success in higher level mathematics.  Scholars will develop conceptual understanding of math topics along with becoming more proficient in problem solving.  Scholars will have many opportunities to develop conceptual understanding of various math topics.

Numbers and Number Sense

First and Second Quarter

Ratio, Percent, and Proportion

Second and Third Quarter

Computation-Multiplication, Division and Solving Problems and Equations

First and Second Quarter

Measurement

Third Quarter

Geometry

Fourth Quarter

Probability and Statistics

Third Quarter

Pre-Algebra

Third and Fourth Quarter

First Quarter:

  • Number Patterns & Algebra
    • Read and write numbers.
    • Recognize place value.
    • Prime and composite numbers.
  • Statistics & Graphs
    • Find mean, median, mode, and range.
    • Solve problems interpreting data.
  • Decimals: Addition and Subtraction
    • Rounding
    • Compare and order whole numbers.
    • Determine squares and square roots.

Second Quarter:

  • Decimals: Multiplication and Division
    • Multiply fractions and decimals including mixed numbers.
    • Divide fractions and decimals including mixed numbers.
  • Number, Fractions, and Decimals
    •  Convert between fractions, decimals, and percent.
    • Find the given percent of a number and find what percent of a given number is of another number.
    • Solve problems involving percent increase or decrease.
  • Fractions: Addition and Subtraction
    • Understand that addition and subtraction are inverse operations.
    • Estimate the sum.
    • Estimate the difference.
  • Fractions: Multiplication and Division
    • Understand that multiplication and division are inverse operations.
    • Estimate products.
    • Estimate quotients.

Third Quarter:     

  • Probability
  • Ratios, Proportions, and Percents
    • Solve proportions.
    • Use ratios and proportions to interpret map scales.
    • Set up and solve proportions from similar triangles.
  • Algebra: Solving Equations
    • Solve problems involving the distributive property.
    • Solve problems with multiple steps.
  • Algebra: Integers
    • Locate integers on the number line.
    • Compare integers on the number line.
    • Add and subtract positive and negative integers.
  • Measurement
    • Solve problems requiring conversion of units in customary and metric systems.
    • Solve problems on elapsed time.

Fourth Quarter:

  • Measurement in Geometry
    • Identify signs used in geometry.
    • Construct parallel lines and perpendicular lines.
    • Construct perpendicular bisectors.
  • Coordinate Plane
    • Plot point.
    • Graph simple functions.
  • Geometry: Angles and Polygons
    • Identify and measure angles.
    • Bisect an angle.
    • Classify triangles by sides and angles.
    • Construct different kinds of triangles.
  • Geometry: Measuring Area and Volume
    • Find the area and perimeter of plane figures.
    • Identify circles and their parts.
    • Find volume of rectangular solids.

SPANISH

Sixth Grade scholars gain an understanding of how the Spanish language is structured and how they can use this knowledge to express their own needs to talk about the world around them. They also acquire a basic understanding and appreciation of the diversity of cultures in the Spanish-speaking previous grades. The textbook and workbook, Spanish Is Fun, provide activities that focus specifically on scholar comprehension of language in context, as well as address elements of pronunciation, spelling, and sound/spelling correlations.   

Objectives:

  • The Spanish and the English; words that are similar in English and Spanish; how to say “The” in Spanish
  • The family; how to make things plural
  • The class and the school; indefinite articles
  • The activities; ~ar verbs; how to ask questions and say “no” in Spanish
  • How to count in Spanish; the numbers
  • What time is it?; telling the time in Spanish
  • The ~er verbs; other activities
  • The description; colors and personal characteristics; how to describe things and people in Spanish
  • The verb “ser” – to be—; professions and trades
  • The ~ir verbs: more activities
  • How are you?; expressions with “estar” – to be—; uses of “ser” and “estar
  • What is today’s date?; days and months of the year
  • The body; the verb “tener” – to have—; expressions with “tener
  • How is the weather today?; weather expressions; seasons; the verb “hacer”– to do—
  • My house; possessive adjectives
  • The food; what do you say when you like something; the verb “gustar”– to like—;